Sharia, Sharia law or Islamic law is a set of religious principles which form part of the Islamic culture. The Arabic word sharīʿah (Arabic: شريعة) refers to the revealed law of God and originally meant “way” or “path”.
Classical sharia deals with many aspects of public and private life, including religious rituals, family life, business, crimes, and warfare. In former times, sharia was interpreted by independent jurists, who based their legal opinions on Qur’an, Hadith and centuries of debate, interpretation and precedent. Some parts of sharia can be described as “law” in the usual sense of that word, while other parts are better understood as rules for living life in accordance with God’s will.
Modern countries in the Muslim world all have their own laws. In most of them only a small part of the legal system is based on classical sharia. Not all Muslims agree on how sharia should be applied in the modern world.